What is Laparoscopy Diagnostic Treatment?

Laparoscopy treatment is the procedure, where tiny cameras are used to look into the patient’s abdomen. A telescopic camera is used to diagnose the inside organs with a minimally invasive procedure. Patient’s Abdominal and Reproductive Organs (Uterus, Fallopian Tubes and Ovaries) are being visualized by Surgeons’ in this modern diagnosing method. A tiny incision of approximately 0.05 to 1cm in the abdomen suffice to carry out the procedure. A small optic fibre with light and a Camera is inserted through the incision made at the abdomen to diagnose the components.

How is the Diagnostic Laparoscopy Performed?

The diagnostic surgery is performed in the hospital or surgical centre under the guidance of an experienced surgeon using general anaesthesia.

  • First, the surgeon makes a small incision just below your belly button.
  • Once the cuts are made, the surgeon will insert a small hollow tube called trocar, through the tube carbon dioxide is passed into the abdomen. The expands the area inside the abdomen giving more area to the surgeons to work with a better visualization.
  • Now, a tiny camera and light are inserted using trocar to get a visual of your abdomen and pelvis.
  • The surgeon can also make additional incisions to insert more instrument for a better visual at the components.
  • After the diagnosis, all the instruments, gas and laparoscopy is removed, and the cuts are closed using bandages.

Advantages of a Laparoscopy

Due to multiple disadvantages of open abdomen surgery, the medical sector has moved toward the Laparoscopic diagnosis. Here the benefits of the diagnostic laparoscopic -

  • Decreased blood loss compared to traditional surgery method
  • Smaller abdominal incisions or cuts causing less strain after the surgery.
  • Less pain in the laparoscopic method
  • Shorter surgical recovery time due to small incisions
  • Requires the patient to stay in the hospital for a minimum period of time

Why is Diagnostic Laparoscopy Needed?

Abdominal pain

Laparoscopy is needed to identify the cause of both acute and chronical abdominal pain. There could be a number of reasons for abdominal pain including appendicitis, adhesions or intra-abdominal scar tissue, pelvic infections, endometriosis, abdominal bleeding and, less frequently, cancer. The patients with irritable bowel disease need the Laparoscopy to know the other cause of abdominal pain. Moreover, sometimes the surgeon diagnoses the cause of the pain and cure it during the same procedure.

Abdominal mass

Patients may have a small mass or lump inside the abdomen which is also called a tumour. This mass can be felt by the patient or seen using the X-ray. But, in order to recommend the precise treatment, it is necessary to diagnose the lump. Along with this, the physicians need Diagnostic Laparoscopy to look at the tumour and obtain tissue from it.

"Second look" procedure or cancer staging

Doctors or surgeons need to know about the previously treated diseases of their patient especially in the case of cancer. Or the second look can be done after the treatment of a disease to know whether the patient is disease-free or not. Laparoscopy method helps the doctor in getting to know which procedure needs to be skipped or not during the second-look surgery.

Ascites

Ascites is known as the protein with fluid that accumulates inside the abdominal cavity. Sometimes it is necessary for the doctors to look at the fluid accumulation in order to determine the cause of it. The most feasible and reliable method to identify the cause by looking into the abdominal cavity through Laparoscopy diagnosis.

Liver disease

In case of liver diseases, we have many non-invasive imaging methods including CT scan, ultrasound and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) that can give a clear image to identify a mass inside or on the liver surface. However, sometimes the detailed biopsy with more information is required which is these non-invasive technologies aren't capable of doing. The physicians are left with diagnostic laparoscopy to pick a tissue from the liver and examine it